The first practical fountain pen was manufactured in the United States in 1884. Like all fountain pens since, it had four basic parts, a barrel to hold the ink, a point for writing, a feed bar that supplied ink to the point, and a cap to protect the point and keep the ink from drying up when it was not being used.
To fill the writing instrument, the user had to unscrew the point and drop ink into the barrel with an eyedropper. This was a messy chore, but they held enough ink for a great deal of writing, so they did not need to be filled often. By the 19th century and 1950 most pens were filled by the use of a lever on the side of the barrel. The lever squeezed a rubber sac and when it was released the sac expanded and sucked up the ink.
Since 1950 two other methods of filling them have become common. One method is an ink cartridge is put into the barrel. The other method is its filled with many tubes or channels. When the pen is set into the ink, the channels suck up the ink by capillary action.
Italy has the most beautiful designs carved right into the instrument. This is because of the techniques they use. They have their own national charter. Their nibs are made of high quality making them worth more then the regular ones. They are all finely detailed.
Most of the Italian writing instruments have gold nibs adding style and elegance to it. They were also amongst the ones that used gold and other high quality metals when making them.
They give comfort when writing expressive penman ship and calligraphy. They put down ink with no pressure from the hand, so writing comfortably for long stretches is done. They do it with elegant, precious-metal nibs that glide effortlessly across the paper. They also come in a large range of colors.
Many people collect the writing instrument. They are always very beautifully decorated. There are limited editions and antique ones that add to a collection nicely. They make great gifts for people even if a collection is not started.
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There is nothing like the timeless elegance of a fine fountain pen. ItalianPens.com sells all the best brands of fountain pens, including pens made of precious metals, limited edition pens and more.
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