The recent BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is yet another stark and graphic reminder of how water pollution affects wildlife, and why we collectively as a society need to legislate and implement stronger measures than ever before to protect nature. While the most recent environmental tragedy is of enormous scope and impact, it draws attention to the hundreds if not thousands of smaller incidents in which water pollution negatively affects wildlife and the ramifications of mankind's apathy and follyÂ in failing to preserve nature. The sad fact is that many of nature's gifts cannot be repaired once damaged, and the affect of water pollution upon wildlife is often permanent and irreversible despite extensive efforts.
Water pollution affects wildlife on land by means of a domino-effect, in which not a living creature is not impacted in one manner or another. The availability of clean drinking water for animals from a formerly reliable source is eliminated by pollution, as is the aquatic wildlife that once served as an important link on the food chain for land animals. The once natural balance in population and general health of all wildlife is altered beyond repair, as one species nearly becomes extinct while another grows in numbers that cannot be supported in the long-term by available natural resources.
Lastly, water pollution not only affects the wildlife at the location of the pollutants presence but with the earth's natural heating and cooling the pollution is spread to distant locations globally through acid rain. Unfortunately, the affects of water pollution on wildlife that is delivered so discretely and without obvious notice often results in damage to existing ecosystems that may not be assessed for decades.