DNS server performs the task of translation of domain names into IP addresses. It is the human tendency that a string of alphabets can be remembered easily as compared to a string of numbers. Thatâ€™s why Domain names can be remembered easily as compared to IP addresses. Whenever you write any domain name in the address bar of your Web browser, role of DNS server comes into play.
You can also configure your system as a DNS server. But you have to take care about the following points:
Â· Your operating system should be configured in the correct manner
Â· You have to allocate all the available disk spacel
Â· All the available disk volume should utilize NTFS file system
How to install DNS Server?
In case, you are working on Windows Server 2003, you should follow the under-mentioned steps procedure to install DNS on your system:
STEP 1:Click Start, click Control Panel, and then click Add or Remove Programs.
STEP 2:Click Add/Remove Windows Components and open Windows Components Wizard.
STEP 3:In Components, select the Networking Services check box, and then click Details.
STEP 4:In Subcomponents of Networking Services, select the Domain Name System (DNS) check box, click OK, and then click Next.
STEP 5:If you are prompted, Copy files from, type the full path of the distribution files, and then click OK.
You can follow these steps in order to configure DNS server on Windows Server 2003:
STEP 1:Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Configure Your Server Wizard.
STEP 2:On the Server Role page, click DNS server, and then click Next.
STEP 3:On the Summary of Selections page, view and confirm the options that you have selected. You will view two options, â€œInstall DNSâ€ and â€œRun the Configure a DNS Wizard to configure DNSâ€, click Next.
STEP 4:When the â€œConfigure Your Server Wizardâ€ installs the DNS service, it first determines whether the IP address for this server is static or is configured automatically.
In case, your server is currently configured to obtain its IP address automatically, the Configuring Components page of the Windows Components Wizard prompts you to configure this server with a static IP address. Follow these steps for performing this:
a) In the Local Area Connection Properties dialog box, click Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), and then click Properties
b) In the Internet Protocols (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box, click Use the following IP address, and then type the static IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway for this server
c) In Preferred DNS, type the IP address of this server
d) In Alternate DNS, type the IP address of another internal DNS server, or leave this box blank
e) When you finish setting up the static addresses for your DNS, click OK, and then click Close
STEP 5:After you click Close, the Configure a DNS Server Wizard starts. In the wizard, follow these steps:
a) On the Select Configuration Action page, select the Create a forward lookup zone check box, and then click Next.
b) On the Primary Server Location page, click â€œThis server maintains the zoneâ€, and then click Next.
c) On the Zone Name page, in Zone name, specify the name of the DNS zone for your network, and then click Next. On the Dynamic Update page, click Allow both nonsecure and secure dynamic updates, and then click Next.
d) On the Forwarders page, click Yes, it should forward queries to DNS servers with the following IP addresses, and then click Next.
e) On Completing the Configure a DNS Wizard page of the Configure a DNS Wizard, you can click Back to change any of the settings. To apply your selections, click Finish.
With the completion of above steps, your DNS server will get configured on Windows Server 2003.