This Country Led the World in the 19th Century
Some of the most brilliant medical researchers in the 19th century and early 20th century were German. These names included Virchow, Schwann, Kahlbaum, Alzheimer, Nissl, Kraepelin, etc. Germany led the world in psychiatry. This was in part due to wise government funding of medical research. Even Roentgen, who invented the X-ray, was German. In the 20th century Berger invented the EEG.
In the 19th century Rudolph Virchow, who was both a doctor and a politician, changed the world of medicine with his theory of "cellular pathology". Virchow thought that the best approach to disease was to study the cell. In the 20th century the American genius Linus Pauling changed things when he favored a molecular approach to disease. However, both may have been correct. The reason is that the cell, especially when viewed with an electron microscope, can tell the scientist a lot about what is going on with the molecules. The treatment is molecular.
Franz Nissl was born in 1860 and died in 1919. Nissl, among other things, discovered what are now called "Nissl bodies". At that time they were called "granulae".
In 1877 Kraepelin worked with Wilhelm Wundt, the famous German psychologist. This relationship did not last, however. Later he worked with Alzheimer and Nissl.
The area surrounding Germany also has made contributions, including Switzerland and Czechoslovakia. Switzerland contributed Rorschadt, Jung, Bleuler, W. R. Hess, and others. Czechoslovakia produced Purkinjie. Italy and Spain have also contributed great scientists.
Griesinger favored a neurological basis for psychiatric disease. History has shown him to be a prophet.